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Evaluating the Web

The CRAP Test

  • When was the page written or updated? (If no date, visit the home page to look for the date)
  • Is the information current enough for your topic? (historical vs. current hot topics)


  • Do you see a list of references supporting the article on the site?
  • How is the information presented? (fact, opinion, propaganda, etc.)
  • Is the content of the resource biased or balanced? (cultural, political, religious, etc.)


  • Who published the web page? (individual or organization?)
  • Is the author an authority on the subject? (experience, credentials)
  • Is the corporation a reputable organization? (affiliated with credible individuals/sponsors?)

Purpose & Point of View

  • Why is the information on the web? (ads to promote product? promote public opinion? provide factual information?)
  • What is the domain extension? Will the domain influence the purpose of the article? (.com, .edu, .org, .net, .gov, etc.)
  • Who is the intended audience? (general public, college students, professionals, etc.)